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Seat Belt and Child Restraint Violations: State Laws

State Statute
Alabama Alabama Safety Belt Act

(AL Code Title 32, Ch. 5B)

Alaska Negligent Driving

(AK Statutes 28.35.45)

Arizona Vehicle restraints required; exceptions; civil penalty

(ARS 28-909)
Child passenger restraint system; civil penalty (ARS 28-907)

Arkansas Seat belt use required

(AR Code section 27-37-702)
Child Passenger Protection (AR Code Title 27, Ch. 34)

California Safety Belts and Inflatable Restraint Systems

(California Vehicle Code Sections 27302 - 27317)
Child Safety Belt and Passenger Restraint Requirements (California Vehicle Code Sections 27360 - 27368)

Colorado Safety belt systems

(CRS 42-4-237)
Child restraint systems required (CRS 42-4-236)

Connecticut Seat safety belts. Child restraint systems

(GSC section 14-100a)

Delaware Occupant Protection System Safety Act

(DE Code Title 21, Ch. 48)

District of Columbia Use of safety belts required

(DC Code section 50-1802)
Child restraint; requirements (DC Code section 50-1703)

Florida Safety belt usage

  (FS 316.614)
Child restraint requirements (FS 316.613)

Georgia Safety belts

(Georgia Code 40-8-76)

Hawaii Mandatory use of seat belts

(HRS section 291-11.6
Child passenger restraints (HRS section 291-11.5)

Idaho Safety restraint use

(ID Statutes section 49-673)
Passenger safety for children (ID Statutes section 49-672)

Illinois Seat Safety Belts

(scroll to 625 ILCS 5/12-603 to 5/12-603.1)

Indiana Passenger Restraint Systems

(Indiana Code 9-19-10)
Passenger Restraint Systems for Children (Indiana Code 9-19-11)

Iowa Safety belts and safety harnesses

(IA Code section 321.445)
Child restraint devices (IA Code section 321.446)

Kansas Safety Belt Use Act

(KS Statutes Ch. 8, Article 25)
Child passenger safety; restraining systems for children under the age of four; use of seat belts by children between the ages of five and fourteen. (KS Statutes 8-1344)

Kentucky Requirements of use of seat belts and child restraint systems

[PDF] (KRS 189.125)

Louisiana Safety belt use

(LRS 32:295.1)
Child passenger restraint system (LRS 32:295)

Maine Use of safety seat belts

(MRS Title 29-A section 2081)

Maryland Mandatory seat belt use

(MD Transp. Code section 22-412.3)
Child safety seats (MD Transp. Code section 22-412.2)

Massachusetts Seat belt use required

(90 MGL section 13A)
Child passenger restraints (90 MGL section 7AA)

Michigan Safety belt required

(MI Vehicle Code section 257.710e)
Child restraint system required (MI Vehicle Code section 257.710d)
Safety Belt and Child Restraint Laws [PDF] (MI State Police)

Minnesota Seat belt; passenger restraint system for children

(MN Statute 169.685)
Seat belt use required; penalty (MN Statute 169.686)

Mississippi Mandatory use of safety belts

(MS Code Title 63, Ch. 2)

Missouri Seat belts required for passenger cars

(MRS 307.178)

Montana Seatbelt use required

(MCA section 61-13-103)

Nebraska Use of restraint system or occupant protection system

(R.R.S. Nebr. § 60-6, 267)

Nevada Safety belts and shoulder harness

(NRS 484.641)

New Hampshire Child passenger restraints required

(NH Statutes 265:107-a)

New Jersey Seat belt usage requirements

(NJ Statutes 39:3-76.2f)

New Mexico Safety belt use required

(NMS 66-7-372)
Child passenger restraint (NMS 66-7-369)

New York Operation of vehicles with safety seats and safety belts

(NY Vehicle & Traffic Code section 1229-c)

North Carolina Seat belt use mandatory

(NCGS section 20-135.2A)
Child restraint systems required (NCGS section 20-137.1)

North Dakota Safety belts

[PDF] (ND Code Chapter 39-21 scroll to 39-21-41.1)
Child restraint devices [PDF] (ND Code Chapter 39-21 scroll to 39-21-41.2)
Driving Without a License / With a Suspended License
Operators must be licensed [PDF] (ND Code Chapter 39-06 scroll to 39-06-01)

Ohio Occupant Restraining Devices

(ORC section 4513.263)

Oklahoma Operators and front seat passengers required to wear safety belts

(OK Statute 47-12-417)

Oregon Rules of the Road: Safety Belts

[PDF] (OR Vehicle Code scroll to 811.210 to 811.225)

Pennsylvania Other Required Equipment: Child Passenger Protection

[PDF] (PA Vehicle Code Ch. 45; scroll to Subchapter E)

Rhode Island Safety seat belts in new vehicles

(RI Code 31-23-39)
Approved types of seat belts (RI Code 31-23-40)

South Carolina Child Passenger Restraint System

(SC Code scroll to Article 47)
Safety Belts (SC Code scroll to Article 48)

South Dakota Safety Belt System Usage in Passenger Vehicles

(SD Codified Laws Ch. 32-38)
Child Passenger Restraint System (SD Codified Laws Ch. 32-37)

Tennessee Child passenger restraint systems

(TN Code section 55-9-602)
Use of safety belts in passenger vehicles (TN Code section 55-9-603)

Texas Operation and Movement of Vehicles

(TX Transp. Code Ch. 545.412 and 545.413)

Utah Driver and passengers -- Seat belt or child restraint device required

(UT Code 41-6a-1803)

Vermont Child restraint systems

(23 VSA section 1258)
Safety belts (23 VSA section 1259)

Virginia Safety lap belts and shoulder harnesses

(VA Code 46.2-1094)
Child restraint devices (VA Code 46.2-1095)

Washington Child passenger restraint systems

(RCW section 46.37.505)
Seat belts and shoulder harnesses (RCW section 46.37.510)

West Virginia Child passenger safety devices required

(WV Code section 17C-15-46)
Operation of vehicles with safety belts (WV Code section 17C-15-49)

Wisconsin Safety belts and child safety restraint systems

[PDF] (WI Code Chapter 347 scroll to section 347.48)

Wyoming Child safety restraint

(WY Statutes Title 31, Ch. 5, Article 13)
Safety belt usage (WY Statutes Title 31, Ch. 5, Article 14)

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