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Mechanical Violations

Under traffic laws in all states, all motor vehicles are required to have certain equipment properly installed on a vehicle, and that equipment must be functioning correctly while the vehicle is in operation. Such equipment includes brakes, headlights, turn signals, mirrors, and windshields, to give just a few examples. A vehicle not properly equipped (i.e. no safety belts installed) or equipped with malfunctioning equipment (i.e. a burned-out head light) can receive a traffic ticket for a mechanical violation.

Mechanical Violations and Fix-It Tickets

In some states, citations for certain mechanical violations are considered correctable violations and often referred to as "fix-it" tickets. In California, for example, if you are given a "fix-it" ticket by a police officer, "yes" will be checked next to "Correctable Violation," and after the problem is fixed (i.e., you repair a non-functioning brake light), you must get the signature of an authorized person (i.e., a local law enforcement officer) on the "Certificate of Correction" portion of the ticket. 

If the court accepts your correction, the case will be dismissed. But, if you fail to fix the problem within a short time after you receive a "fix-it" ticket, you will need to pay the fine for the mechanical violation, and you may be issued another ticket which will go on your record.

Mechanical Violations: State Laws

Alabama

Regulation of Operation of Motor Vehicles: Equipment
(AL Code Title 32, Ch. 5, scroll to Article 9)

Alaska

Vehicle Equipment Standards
(AK Statutes scroll to section 28.05.081)

Arizona

Equipment
(ARS Title 28 scroll to 28-921 to 28-966)

Arkansas

Lighting and Equipment Regulations
(AR Code Title 27, Chapters 36 and 37)

California

Division 12 - Equipment of Vehicles (scroll down)
(California Vehicle Code)

Colorado

Regulation of Vehicles and Traffic: Equipment
(CRS Title 42 scroll to 42-4-201 to 42-4-239)

Connecticut

Motor Vehicles: Equipment
(GSC Ch. 246 scroll to section 14-80 to 14-106)

Delaware

Equipment Requirements
(DE Code Title 21, Ch. 43, Subchapter I)

Lights
(DE Code Title 21, Ch. 43, Subchapter II)

District of Columbia

Browse the D.C. Vehicle Code
(18-700, et seq)

Florida

State Uniform Traffic Control: Equipment
(FS Ch. 316 scroll to 316.217 to 316.455)

Georgia

Vehicles and Equipment
(Georgia Code scroll to 40-8-7 to 40-8-90)

Hawaii

Special Interest Vehicles
(HRS section 286-26.5)

Idaho

Vehicle Equipment
(ID Statutes Title 49, Ch. 9)

Illinois

Equipment of Vehicles
(625 ILCS 5, Chapter 12)

Indiana

Vehicle Equipment
(Indiana Code 9-21-7)

Motor Vehicle Equipment
(Indiana Code Title 9, Article 19)

Iowa

Vehicle Equipment
(IA Code Ch. 321 scroll to 321.384 to 321.481 )

Kansas

Equipment of Vehicles
(KS Statutes Ch. 8, Article 17)

Kentucky

Vehicle Equipment
(KRS Chapter 189 scroll to sections .020 to .205)

Louisiana

Motor Vehicles and Traffic Regulation: Equipment
(LRS Title 32 scroll to 32:301 to 32:369)

Proper equipment required on vehicles
(LRS 32:53)

Maine Equipment
(MRS Title 29-A Chapter 17)
Maryland

Equipment of Vehicles
(MD Transp. Code Title 22)

Massachusetts

Operation of unregistered or improperly equipped motor vehicles
(90 MGL section 9)

Michigan

Equipment
(MI Vehicle Code sections 257.683 to 257.711)

Minnesota

Traffic Regulations: Equipment
(MN Statutes Ch. 169; scroll to 169.47 to 169.75)

Mississippi

Equipment and Identification
(MS Code Title 63, Ch. 7)

Missouri

Vehicle Equipment Regulations
(MRS Chapter 307)

Montana Vehicle Equipment
(MCA Title 61, Ch. 9)
Nebraska

Vehicle equipment and violations
(R.R.S. Nebr. § 60-6, 220 et al.)

Nevada Equipment of Vehicles
(NRS 484.541 to 484.646)
New Hampshire Equipment of Vehicles
(NH Statutes Ch. 266)
New Jersey

Motor vehicle equipment
(NJ Statutes 39:3-46 to 39:3-84)

New Mexico

Motor Vehicles: Equipment
(NMS Ch. 66, Article 3 scroll to Part 9)

New York

Equipment of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles
(NY Vehicle & Traffic Code Article 9)

North Carolina

Motor Vehicle Act: Equipment
(NCGS Ch. 20, Article 3 scroll to sections 20-122 to 20-137)

North Dakota

Equipment of Vehicles
(ND Code Chapter 39-21)

Size, Width, and Height Restrictions
(ND Code Chapter 39-12)

Ohio

Traffic Laws: Equipment
(ORC Chapter 4513)

Oklahoma

Vehicle equipment
(OK Statutes 47-12-101)

Oregon

Vehicle Equipment Generally
(OR Vehicle Code Ch. 815)

Vehicle Equipment Lights
(OR Vehicle Code Ch. 816)

Pennsylvania

Equipment Standards
(PA Vehicle Code Ch. 41)

Lighting Equipment
(PA Vehicle Code Ch. 43)

Other Required Equipment
(PA Vehicle Code Ch. 45)

Rhode Island

Equipment and Accessories Generally
(RI Code Ch. 31-23)

Lighting Equipment and Reflectors
(RI Code Ch. 31-24)

South Carolina

Equipment and Identification
(SC Code scroll to Title 35)

South Dakota

Motor Vehicles: Title 32
(32-15 through 32-19)

Tennessee

Equipment - Lighting Regulations
(TN Code Title 55, Chapter 9)

Texas

Vehicle Equipment
(TX Transp. Code Ch. 547)

Utah

Vehicle Equipment and Modifications
(UT Code scroll to 41-6a-1603 to 41-6a-1641)

Vermont

Operation of Vehicles: Equipment
(23 VSA Ch. 13 scroll to sections 1221 to 1391)

Virginia

Motor Vehicle and Equipment Safety
(VA Code Title 46.2, Ch. 10)

Washington

Vehicle lighting and other equipment
(RCW Chapter 46.37)

West Virginia

Equipment
(WV Code Chapter 17C, Article 15)

Unsafe and improperly equipped vehicles
(WV Code section 17C-15-1)

Wisconsin

Equipment of Vehicles
(WI Code Chapter 347)

Wyoming

Equipment
(WY Statutes Title 31, Chapter 5, Article 9)

Need Legal Advice for a Smog-Related Offense? Ask a Lawyer

Smog regulations are fairly straight-forward and typically don't require legal action. However, every situation is different and you may find yourself in need of expert advice. Contact a traffic law attorney in your area for more information.

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